Vermont Supreme Court Paves Way for Environmental Court to Rule on Banyai Warrant

Opinion Editorial: Vermont Supreme Court Grants Environmental Court Permission to Reissue Arrest Warrant for Banyai


The Vermont Supreme Court has granted the lower environmental court permission to decide whether to reissue an arrest warrant for Daniel Banyai, owner of Slate Ridge, a gun range used for paramilitary weapons training. This convoluted back-and-forth between the courts highlights the ongoing environmental dispute between Banyai and the town of Pawlet. In this opinion editorial, we will analyze the legal implications of this latest ruling and what it means for both parties involved.

Banyai’s Controversial Gun Range

For years, the town of Pawlet has been trying to get Banyai to remove unpermitted buildings from his property. Slate Ridge, Banyai’s gun range, has been a point of contention due to its location in a residential area and the use of paramilitary weapons in training exercises. This has led to concerns from Pawlet residents about safety and environmental concerns such as noise pollution and the impact of ammunition debris on the environment.

The Arrest Warrant Controversy

In July, the environmental court judge overseeing the case, Thomas Durkin, issued an arrest warrant for Banyai, declaring him in contempt of a court order to dismantle unpermitted structures on his property. However, Banyai argued that he had complied with the court’s requirements and had not allowed Pawlet officials to inspect his property. The warrant expired without being executed by Vermont State Police or the Rutland County Sheriff’s Department. Following the warrant’s expiration, Pawlet’s attorney requested that it be extended, but Durkin initially declined, siding with Banyai’s attorney in finding that the state supreme court now had jurisdiction. Later, Durkin told both parties he would reconsider the warrant if the supreme court gave him permission to do so.

Supreme Court Decision

All five Vermont Supreme Court justices signed a one-paragraph order on Thursday that allows the environmental court to reissue the warrant “and determine if its provisions should be modified to ensure its execution.” In response, the environmental court wrote that it “intends to issue its ruling” after Nov. 17. This latest ruling sets the stage for the possibility that Banyai may be arrested and held in contempt of court.

Environmental Disputes and Legal Implications

This latest ruling from the Vermont Supreme Court highlights the importance of complying with court orders and the consequences for failing to do so. Environmental disputes have become increasingly prevalent in recent years, and this case highlights the struggle between property rights and environmental regulations. The dispute also raises questions about the use of paramilitary weapons in civilian settings and the potential dangers associated with such activities, which further underscores the need for responsible land use practices.


The ongoing environmental dispute between Banyai and the town of Pawlet is a complex issue with significant legal implications. The recent ruling from the Vermont Supreme Court allows the environmental court to move forward with reissuing an arrest warrant for Banyai. It remains to be seen how this case will ultimately be resolved, but it underscores the importance of responsible land use practices and the need to comply with court orders. The legal system plays a critical role in resolving environmental disputes, and it is our hope that this case will be resolved in a just and equitable manner.

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